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Save Your Manuscript File
If you’ve already uploaded your manuscript file and received an error, check out Fix Paperback Formatting Errors.
- Bleed: If your book has images or elements that bleed to the edges of your pages, you must upload your manuscript as a PDF.
- No Bleed: If your book does not contain bleed, you can upload your manuscript as a PDF, DOC, DOCX, RTF, HTML, or TXT file. KDP will automatically convert these file types to PDF prior to publishing/printing.
|File size||The maximum file size for conversion is 650MB. Any manuscript files larger than the 650MB limit will fail to convert when uploaded.|
|Marks and comments||Submitted files should not contain crop marks, trim marks, bookmarks, comments, invisible objects, annotations, placeholder text, or metadata. Printer’s marks should be disabled.|
|File security||Do not lock or encrypt the files.|
|Fonts||Embed all fonts in your native file prior to submission. We recommend that fonts be fully embedded, rather than embedding as subsets.|
|Images and Objects||Embed all images in your native file prior to submission.
All images (both cover and manuscript) should be at least 300 DPI.
Flatten transparent objects and layers in the native file before publishing.
|Page count||We’ll calculate your page count based on your manuscript file, rounding up to an even number if necessary. The minimum page and maximum page count depends on the book format, ink, paper, and trim size options you’ve chosen.
For more information on page count, visit Set Trim Size, Bleed, and Margins.
|Page spreads||We require single page files (as opposed to spreads or 2-up files).|
|Grayscale fill||If you‘ve selected black ink and white or cream paper for a book containing gray backgrounds, we recommend a minimum grayscale fill of 10%.|
|Line width||If your book contains lines (i.e., a chart, table or graphic element), give the lines a minimum thickness/weight of 0.75 point or 0.01" (0.3 mm).|
|Page turn direction||For most languages, KDP only supports books formatted to read from left to right (LTR). Currently, we only support right-to-left (RTL) paperback printing in Hebrew, Yiddish and Japanese. Note that for these languages the standard color option is not available. To learn more, see our supported languages.|
|Orientation||All pages and content must be oriented the same way. Pages can contain some upside down text as long as the rest of the page contents are right side up (e.g., a book of riddles with answers printed upside down on the page).|
|Bleed||Specified page size matches the intended trim size plus bleed (if applicable). You may lose the bleed you included in your native document if not printed to the proper size.
For more information, visit Set Trim Size, Bleed, and Margins.
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Title Creation limit
To ensure a positive customer experience, we limit the number of titles you can create at the same time and within a specific period of time. If you expect to regularly create a large number of titles, please contact us to inquire about an exception.^ Back to top
Create a PDF fileFor the best results, we recommend that you convert your manuscript file to a PDF before uploading it to KDP. Choose of one the methods below to create a PDF file intended for high-quality printing. Be sure to save your documents before creating your PDF so you can edit them later if you want.
Note: When creating a PDF for upload, create a new file. Saving over previous versions can compound upon corrupted data, which can create delays in uploading, processing, and production.
For instructions on converting a Microsoft Word document to PDF, visit Convert a Paperback Word File to PDF.
SettingsYou can choose to print, export, or save as PDF depending on your editing software. Whichever method you choose, make sure you enable the following PDF-specific settings in addition to the file specifications above:
- PDF/X format is used. PDF/X-1a is preferred, but if you are submitting non-PDF/X files (for example, PDF/A), any comments, forms, or other non-printing objects could be removed during our review.
- Downsampling, or decreasing resolution, of images is disabled.
- Remove PDF creation logos or watermarks.
- Optimize PDFs. Optimization is useful to reduce your file size, allowing for higher performance when transferring, uploading, viewing, and printing the files.
Any other settings should be left to default in most cases. If you’re not certain how to change these settings, we suggest you consult the Help content for your chosen software. Once created, make sure to open the PDF file to see that it appears as you intended. Otherwise, make the necessary adjustments in the native document and re-create the PDF file.
Print to PDF:
- With the native document open in the application you used to write your book, select "File > Print."
- Select "PDF" from the list of printers you can to print to. If you do not find "PDF" in the list, there may be a "Print to PDF" or "PDF" button in the dialog box. Select this option if it is available. Otherwise, try Option 2 below.
- Click "Properties", "Settings", or "Options" (naming depends on your system) to check the PDF settings that will be used to create your PDF file.
- Provide a name and location for the PDF file you are printing to (may default to the current name and location of the native document). Click "OK" in the print dialog box.
Export to PDF:
- With the native document open in the application you used to write your book, select "File>Export." You may need to select "PDF" if other file formats are available for export in the application.
- Provide a name and location for the PDF file you are exporting (may default to the current name and location of the native document). Click "Save" or "OK" in the print dialog box.
- Check the PDF settings that will be used to create your PDF file.
- Click "Export" or "OK" in the export dialog box.
Save as PDF:
- With the native document open in the application you used to write your book, select "Save As" from the application's main menu or "File" menu.
- Choose "PDF" from the list of available file formats.
- Click "Settings" or "Options" (naming depends on your system) to check the PDF settings that will be used to create your PDF file. If your system allows, make sure the following settings are chosen. Any other settings should be left to default in most cases.
- Provide a name and location for the PDF file you are saving to (may default to the current name and location of the native document). Click "OK" in the print dialog box.
Once created, make sure to open the PDF file to see that it appears as you intended. Otherwise, make the necessary adjustments in the native document and re-create the PDF file.
Once you’ve saved your file, you’re ready to upload and preview your file in KDP.
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Manual Review ChecklistAfter you submit your book for publication, we manually check your manuscript and cover files. To help you pass the manual review, we've created the checklist below. It includes the most common reasons files don't pass the review.
If you find issues, please update your original files and upload the revised versions to KDP. Updating your original file, instead of a new saved version of your original file, helps to prevent file corruption.
|Manual check||Make sure...|
|All book details exactly match the information in your files||The information in your manuscript and cover files exactly matches the book details (e.g., title, author name, edition, language, ISBN, etc.) you enter during title setup. Check all parts of your book, including:
|Illegible text||Your text is large and clear enough so that readers can enjoy your book. To help ensure your text is legible, check the following:
|Template text||All template text is customized or removed. Check all parts of your book, including:
|Bundling||There's no language in your files and metadata that implies your book is part of a bundled set.|
|Binding||There’s no wording that mentions your book has different binding terms such as “spiral,” “hard bound,” “Leather bound,” and “Calendar.”|
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