Account & Taxes
- Create a KDP Account
- Manage Your KDP Account
- Sign in to Your KDP Account
- CreateSpace Account
- Tax Information Requirements
- Tax Forms
- Tax Account Status
- Tax Interview
- Tax Withholding
- Applying for a U.S. TIN (Taxpayer ID Number)
- Tax ID Validation
- How Taxes Affect List Prices
Format Your Paperback
- Set Trim Size, Bleed, and Margins
- Format Front Matter, Body Matter, and Back Matter
- Save Your Manuscript File
- Paperback and Hardcover Manuscript Templates
- Cover Creator
- Create a Paperback Cover
- Format Images in Your Book
- Paperback Fonts
- Fix Paperback and Hardcover Formatting Issues
- Paperback Submission Guidelines
- Format Your Hardcover
Format Your eBook
- eBook Manuscript Formatting Guide
- eBook File Formatting Tips
- Supported eBook Formats
- eBook Conversion Formats
- Create a Table of Contents
- Format Images in Your eBook
- Character Encoding
- Create Links to Footnotes
- Reduce Your eBook Manuscript File Size
- Create an eBook Cover
Tools and Resources
- KDP Tools and Resources
- Publishing Service Providers & Resources
- Kindle Create Help Overview
- Kindle Previewer
- Kindle Comic Creator
- Kindle Kids' Book Creator
- Quality Notifications Dashboard
- Guide to Kindle Content Quality
- Enhanced Typesetting
- X-Ray for Authors
- Format Your Paperback
- What is KDP?
Create a Book
- Book Detail Resources
- Upload Book Resources
- Pricing Resources
- Book Status
- Kindle Vella
- Create a Series
- Orders & Book Copies
- Amazon Store & Detail Page
Marketing & Distribution
- KDP Select
- Author Central
- Advertising for KDP books
- Expanded Distribution
- Merchandising Tips
- Nominate Your eBook for a Promotion (Beta)
- A+ Content
- Book Updates
- Payments & Reports
Legal & Content Guidelines
- Kindle Direct Publishing Terms and Conditions
- Program Policies
Kindle Publishing Guidelines
- Getting Started
- General Best Practices
Guidelines for Specific Types of eBooks
- Creating Reflowable Books
- Creating Fixed-Layout Books with Text Pop-Ups
- Creating Fixed-Layout Books with Image Pop-Ups or Virtual Panels
- Creating Fixed-Layout Books Without Pop-Ups
- Creating Kindle Editions with Audio/Video Content
- Creating Dictionaries
- Milestone 1 - Getting Started
- Milestone 2 - Book Details
- Milestone 3 - Manuscript & Cover
- Milestone 4 - Rights & Pricing
- KDP University
- Kindle Publishing Guidelines
Have feedback? Can't find your answer in our Help pages?Contact Us
Paths to Getting Your Content on Kindle
Kindle Direct PublishingSelf-publishers can convert books into electronic format using Amazon's self-publishing tools and sell them on Amazon Kindle with Amazon's Kindle Direct Publishing (KDP). KDP is a fast, easy selfpublishing system for Amazon Kindle. Upload your content, enter sales copy and pricing information, and publish in minutes. Learn more or sign up.
Kindle CreateUse Kindle Create (PC or Mac) to transform your completed manuscript into a beautiful Kindle eBook. You can make three types of eBooks with Kindle Create:
- If you have a text-heavy book, your DOC(X) file is converted into a "reflowable" eBook. Reflowable eBooks allow the reader to resize text and are available on all Kindle devices and free Kindle reading applications. Reflowable books can be read using a screen reader or refreshable braille display when supported by the device or reading application.
- If you have a comic book or graphic novel, your PDF is converted into a comic eBook. Comic eBooks include Guided View, which animates panel-to-panel movement with each swipe to give a clear indication of how the story progresses across each page. Comic eBooks do not currently provide support for reading with a screen reader.
- If you have a book with lots of images and complex formatting, your PDF is converted into a Print Replica eBook. Print Replica eBooks maintain the look of their print editions and offer many of the advantages of standard Kindle eBooks, but they do not allow the reader to resize text and are only available on certain devices. They are also not accessible to readers using screen readers or refreshable braille displays.
Note: We accept PDF files, but they can contain embedded formatting and/or images that don't convert well to eBooks. If you'd like to upload a PDF file for your book, preview it before you publish. If you see any issues or if your book doesn't look the way you want it to, you can use Kindle Create to convert PDFs that contain rich graphics like charts, graphs, and equations.
Kindle Create supports eBooks in Dutch, English, French, German, Gujarati, Hindi, Italian, Malayalam, Marathi, Portuguese, Spanish, and Tamil. Kindle Create is available for PC (Windows 7 or later) and Mac OS (10.9 or later). Download the most recent version of Kindle Create.
Creating Kindle Books In-House Using Kindle Publisher ToolsPublishers can create Kindle books in-house from HTML, XHTML, and EPUB files by using the Kindle Publisher tools. Amazon officially supports these tools to create books for publishing on Kindle. Files created with third-party software may not work properly on current or future Kindle devices and applications.
Kindle PreviewerKindle Previewer is a tool that imitates how books display on Kindle devices and applications. Kindle Previewer makes it easy to preview the layout of a book and make sure its content displays properly for different screen sizes, display orientations, and font sizes.
Kindle Previewer 3 supports previewing your book with the latest typographic and layout improvements that come with Enhanced Typesetting, and provides a better reflection of how your book is delivered to customers' devices. You can get a bird's-eye view of your book to quickly validate the overall layout, and selectively preview key aspects such as images, tables, drop caps, links, and lists.
Kindle Previewer is available for Windows and Mac OS X. Download the most recent version of Kindle Previewer.
Note: Use EPUB, DOCX, or KPF files for publishing reflowable content. MOBI is not recommended for reflowable content. MOBI is no longer support for reflowable content. Kindle Previewer is the best way to validate your content before publishing. We no longer recommend sideloading eBooks to devices for testing. Sideloading does not provide an accurate preview of Enhanced Typesetting features.
Kindle Comic CreatorKindle Comic Creator is a free tool for authors and publishers to turn graphic novels, comics, and manga into Kindle books. Kindle Comic Creator makes it easy to import original artwork, optimize the experience of readers, and preview how a book will look on Kindle devices.
Kindle Comic Creator accepts single or multi-page source files in PDF, JPG/JPEG, TIF/TIFF, PPM, or PNG formats, so authors are free to create artwork using their preferred design tools. More detailed guidance for graphic novels/manga/comics can be found in section 11.
Kindle Comic Creator is available for Windows and Mac OS X. Download the most recent version of Kindle Comic Creator.
Kindle Kids' Book CreatorKindle Kids' Book Creator is a free tool that authors and publishers can use to turn illustrated kids' books into Kindle books. This tool makes it easy to import original artwork, optimize the experience of readers, and preview how a book will look on Kindle devices and applications.
Kindle Kids' Book Creator accepts source files in JPG/JPEG, TIF/TIFF, PNG, and PPM formats, so authors are free to create artwork using their preferred design tools. More detailed guidance for children's books can be found in section 10.
Kindle Kids' Book is available for Windows and Mac OS X. Download the most recent version of Kindle Kids' Book Creator.
Cover CreatorYou can use our free Cover Creator tool to design a cover for your eBook or paperback. The tool allows you to customize your cover with a variety of layouts and fonts. Cover Creator uses the book details you enter during title setup and adds your book's ISBN to the barcode area of the back cover. Many Cover Creator templates allow you to choose an image from our image gallery or upload your own image. The tool accepts JPG, PNG and TIF/TIFF files. For more information, visit Cover Creator. Note: Cover Creator isn't supported on kdp.amazon.co.jp.
Third-Party Conversion ServicesPublishers have the option to outsource conversion of titles from a variety of file formats to eBook formats. Conversion houses offer publishers solutions and services that include taking a variety of input formats and creating eBook or print-ready output. The typical input formats are:
- Word (DOC, DOCX), Rich Text Format (RTF), Text (TXT)
- Scan of print book
- FrameMaker, InDesign, PageMaker, QuarkXPress
- XML (such as DocBook, etc.)
- HTML, XHTML
- EPUB (also known as IDPF or OEB)
The preferred outputs from conversion houses to be processed by Amazon are:
- Books in EPUB format
- Metadata in ONIX format (XML)
Conversion houses can be of service in helping publishers supply eBook retailers with metadata.