Prepare, Publish, Promote
- Getting Started
Prepare Your Book
Format Your Manuscript
eBook Manuscript Resources
- eBook Manuscript Formatting Guide
- eBook File Formatting Tips
- Supported eBook Formats
- eBook Conversion Formats
- Create a Table of Contents
- Format Images in Your eBook
- Character Encoding
- Create Links to Footnotes
- Bonus Content
- Reduce Your eBook Manuscript File Size
- Submitting Your Paperback to KDP
- Formatting on a Mac
- eBook Manuscript Resources
- Create Your Cover
- Format Your Manuscript
Publish Your Book
Enter Book Details
- Enter eBook Details
- Enter Paperback Details
- eBook Metadata Guidelines
- Paperback Metadata Guidelines
- Supported Languages
- Publishing Public Domain Content
- Make Your Book More Discoverable with Keywords
- Selecting Browse Categories
- Enter Age and Grade Ranges
- Series Titles
- Upload Content
Set Rights and Pricing
- Enter Pricing Information
- Paperback Pricing
- eBook Distribution Rights
- Paperback Distribution Rights
- Expanded Distribution
- Enter Book Details
Promote Your Book
Kindle Merchandising Programs
- Lending for Kindle
- Buying and Gifting eBooks for Others
- Sample Chapters
- Kindle Countdown Deals
- Kindle Unlimited
- Kindle eBook Pre-order
- KDP Select
- Free Book Promotions
- Kindle Owners' Lending Library
- Kindle MatchBook
- Advertising for KDP Books
- Merchandising Tips
- Linking Your eBook and Paperback
- Customer Reviews
- Amazon Programs
- Kindle Merchandising Programs
Tools and Resources
- KDP Tools and Resources
- Kindle Create
- Kindle Previewer
- Kindle Comic Creator
- Kindle Kids' Book Creator
- KDP University
- Enhanced Typesetting
- X-Ray for Authors
- Update Your Book
Sales, Royalties, Taxes
- Sales Reports
- Getting Paid
- Tax Information Requirements
- Tax Forms
- Tax Account Status
- Tax Interview
- Tax Withholding
- Applying for a U.S. TIN (Taxpayer ID Number)
- Tax ID Validation
Have feedback? Can't find your answer in our Help pages?Contact Us
Guide to Kindle Content Quality
For more specific details on how to make books available for Kindle devices and apps, see Amazon Kindle Publishing Guidelines.
Some errors may cause a book to be considered incomplete or unusable. We refer to these as Critical Issues. Because Critical Issues significantly impact the reading experience, any Critical Issue will result in the book being removed from sale until corrections are made.
Other errors can prevent the reader from understanding the author's intended meaning. We refer to these as Destructive Issues. The most common type of errors are Distracting Issues, which briefly remove the reader from the author's world.
The combined impact on the reading experience of a book with excessive Distracting or Destructive Issues can lead to the book being removed from sale until the corrections are made. A moderate amount of Distracting or Destructive Issues can result in the book remaining available for sale, but with a temporary quality warning displayed on the detail page until corrections are made.
|Example Type:||Example:||Should be:|
|Numbers in place of letters||5arasota||Sarasota|
|Incorrect punctuation||The dog ran,||The dog ran|
|Letters in place of numbers||1o66||1066|
|Missing letter||Nothi g||Nothing|
|HTML tags in place of characters||< sup >®||; ®|
Fixing and Preventing Typos
If a typo is present in your book, it is important to search for the term throughout the text to ensure all occurrences are corrected. It is also important to review your text for errors of a similar nature. The search function of Kindle Previewer can be very helpful for locating and fixing all instances of a repeated typo.
Sometimes improper or dialectic spellings are intentionally used by the author. These are not considered errors. Common examples would include character dialogue. Spelling differences which occur between US and British English are not considered errors.
- The title, series name, edition, subtitle, volume, or contributor in your file don't match the metadata you entered.
- The title, series name, edition, subtitle, or volume in the metadata contain a URL, keywords, genre descriptions, promotions, references to other books within the category, or spelling errors.
Preventing and Fixing Unsupported Characters
If an unsupported character is present in your book, it is important to look for this issue throughout the text, as one unsupported character is usually indicative of others. Use the search function of Kindle Previewer to locate all instances of an unsupported character. For more information on which characters are and are not supported, please see section 3.1 in the Kindle Publishing Guidelines and the section on Supported Characters in the KDP Help Pages.
Content uploaded in languages that are not supported by Kindle will not display properly on Kindle devices and will be removed from sale. For a list of languages that display well on Kindle, please see our Supported Languages help page.
- The cover either has extra space in the margins or is too large and doesn't fully display
- The cover image is blurry
- The cover is missing
- The cover image is inserted into the manuscript file, causing an error
- The cover includes references to advertisements or promotions (e.g., "free")
Be sure to check out the Creating a Catalog/Cover Image Help page to learn more about adding a cover image to your book. You can also find information in Section 3.2 of the Kindle Publishing Guidelines.
Do not make an eBook composed of scanned pages of a physical book. Books that are entire scans will be removed from sale, as they become unreadable on Kindle devices and the reader will not be able to change text size. Manga, comics, children's picture books, etc. are excluded from this requirement.
Below are some examples of other Image quality issues:
- Blurry image
- Image with illegible text
The best way to ensure your book has clear images is to select the highest possible quality in your source images when importing them into your book. For specific guidelines and best practices for image formatting, please see the section Formatting Images Within Your Kindle Book, and section 3.5 in the Kindle Publishing Guidelines.
In order to produce a high quality book, please do your best to ensure your book has proper formatting. For the best reader experience, we recommend uploading your book content in a reflowable file format such as .doc, .docx, or .html.
An effective way to view your book's formatting is to preview it with Kindle Previewer. This tool can help you identify formatting errors before making your book available for sale.
Ensuring Correct Formatting
Please see the Simplified Formatting Guide for tips on building a well-formatted book. Check throughout your book for similar issues because recurring formatting errors tend to occur throughout the book—for example, incorrectly set left or right margins would appear on each page.
- Body text rendered as bold, italicized, underlined or hyperlinked text
- Extra body text margin padding that is more than 1/4 of a screen wide
- Primary content is oriented in landscape mode without any detail page disclaimer
- Body text not set to default color
- Forced white text or forced black background that causes text to be unreadable. For example, forcing a code such as Font = white will cause text to be unreadable while reading on a white background mode or on an e-ink device.
- In-line page numbering is present
Here are some examples of other formatting issues:
- Forced alignment of body text
- The size of the body text is forced, causing it to be larger or smaller than standard text sizes
- Body text incorrectly changes size
- Bullet points missing from a bulleted list
- A list has bullets which appear on a different line that the list contents
- Missing list formatting
Lists without proper formatting can be unintelligible to the reader.
- Incorrectly added line break
- Missing indication of paragraph separation (indentation or single line spacing between paragraphs)
- Missing line break that indicates a section or scene change
- A hard page break in the middle of a section or chapter
- Extract or block quote not differentiated from body text
- Sidebar text interrupts a sentence, paragraph, or section
- A footnote interrupts a sentence, paragraph, or section
- An image interrupts a sentence or paragraph.
- Extra body text margin padding that is less than 1/4 of a screen wide
- Double spacing between each paragraph
- Consistent incorrectly added line padding between section/chapter headings and first paragraphs
- Split monograms; the first letter of each chapter in your book should appear on the same line as the rest of the word.
- Individual paragraph incorrectly rendered as bold, italicized, underlined or hyperlinked text
- Forced black text or forced white background that causes text to be unreadable. For example, forcing a code such as Font = black will cause text to be unreadable while reading on a black background mode on color devices.
Preventing Linking Issues
Broken or incorrect links usually occur when a mistake has been made in the link URL or an incorrect link location has been pasted in. Check the HTML or inserted links in your text to correct this problem. Below are some examples of linking issues we see in books.
- A Go To item link that does not work
- A link in the Table of Contents (TOC) that does not work
- A link at the beginning that takes readers to a TOC at the end of the book
- A link outside the TOC that takes readers to unrelated content at the end of the book
- A link in the TOC that does not follow the chronological order of content appearing in the book
- An unlinked footnote
- A prohibited external link
- An external link that does not work
- An internal link (TOC, Navigational Control File from XML (NCX), or other) that does not link to the correct location
- Reference to an unlinked page number
- Missing Logical Table of Contents (NCX)
For more information regarding the Table of Contents and NCX, please see section 5 of the Kindle Publishing Guidelines.
Do not frontload bonus content (e.g., other stories, or previews of other books) at the beginning of a book or use a link that takes readers to the actual book at the end.
- Any table with content cut off at bottom of screen when viewed at font size 3 (the default)
Below are some other tables issues we see in books:
- A table that consists of non-tabular data
- A table that requires the user to pan right over non-tabular data
- A table with forced line breaks
- A table with a word in a cell split across two or more lines
The Previewer and Kindle for PC will not always reproduce table display very accurately. If possible, make sure to check table formatting on a Kindle device, especially if it appears to be a critical issue.
- A repeated chapter that is also mislabeled
- A repeated chapter
- A portion of text that is repeated within a chapter or section, excluding single words
- More text is missing than just a short phrase
- Missing image section that the product description or the contents of the book indicate should be included
- Main book content that is only accessible through external links
- Product description indicates book includes CD, DVD or other ancillary content that is not accessible
- Missing or unplayable audio/video content in a Kindle Enhanced with Audio and Video
Other missing content issues include:
- A short missing phrase
- A missing image
If you are experiencing missing images and provided your book in Word format, especially with the fill-in camera icon, please see the following excerpt from Building your Book for Kindle for a common path to fix the issue:
Useful image formatting tip: Avoid pasting in images
Images should be inserted in JPEG (or .jpg) format with center alignment (don't copy and paste from another source).
- Click "Insert" at the top of the screen in Word
- Click "Picture", which brings up a dialogue screen to locate the picture that will be inserted in the document
- In the dialogue screen, locate and select the file
Wrong content occurs when a customer receives something other than what is advertised. This is most commonly caused by uploading an incorrect file, but can sometimes also occur if updates are made to the product information or copy/paste issues make the description incorrect. The easiest way to fix it is to upload the latest version of the correct file.
Some books are simply not well suited to the Kindle format. These include any kind of book where the main purpose is to allow the reader to write or color on the pages. These books are better suited to publishing in a physical form.
Examples of books not suited to the Kindle format include the following:
- Puzzle books
- Blank Journals
- Pattern books
- Coloring books
- Facing page translations (left page in one language, right page is same content in another language)
- Content that is either marketed as a subscription or redirects readers to an external source to obtain the full content
- Content that is freely available on the web (unless you are the copyright owner of that content or the content is in the public domain). For more information, you can refer to the sections titled "Illegal and Infringing Content" and "Public Domain and Other Non-Exclusive Content" in the Content Guidelines.
- Content whose primary purpose is to solicit or advertise
- Content that is not significantly different from content in another book available in the Kindle Store
- Content that is too short
- Content that is poorly translated
- Content that does not provide an enjoyable reading experience
- Bonus content that appears before a book's primary content
- Content that is excessively reused, recycled, or repeated within or across books
Collections of works and numbered series may include content you've previously published in your catalog. However, in order to provide an optimal customer experience, the same content may not be excessively reutilized across multiple books. We consider "excessive" any amount of content repetition that would create a poor shopping or reading experience.
Multi-work books must meet all program guidelines (e.g., you must have exclusive publishing rights for all content enrolled in KDP Select). For more information, see our content guidelines and Terms and Conditions.