- About Accounts
- Getting Started
Before You Start Publishing
- Getting Started
- Building Your Book for Kindle
- Make sure your web browser is updated
- Guide to Kindle Content Quality
- Publishing Public Domain Content
- Supported Languages
- Conversion and Translation Resources
- Publishing and Review
- Amazon Programs - CreateSpace Services
- Enter eBook Details
Manuscript, Cover, and Table of Contents
- Format Manuscript
- Format Images in Your eBook
Paperback Content (Beta)
- Enter Paperback Details (Beta)
- Edit Paperback Details (Beta)
- Paperback Metadata Guidelines (Beta)
- Paperback ISBN (Beta)
- Paperback Print Options (Beta)
- Paperback Manuscript Resources (Beta)
- Step-By-Step Paperback Manuscript Formatting Guide (Beta)
- Create a Paperback PDF File (Beta)
- Paperback Fonts (Beta)
- Paperback Cover Resources (Beta)
- Formatting on a Mac
- Paperback Pricing (Beta)
- Create a Table of Contents
- Create a Book Cover
- Upload and Preview eBook Content
Set Rights and Pricing
- Enter Pricing Information
- KDP Pricing Support (Beta)
Promotion and Merchandising
- Getting Started
- Merchandising Tips
Kindle Merchandising Programs
- Lending for Kindle
- Gifting for Kindle
- Sample Chapters
- Kindle Countdown Deals
- Kindle Unlimited
- Kindle eBook Pre-order
- Kindle Indie Bookstore
- KDP Select
- Free Book Promotions
- Kindle Owners' Lending Library
- Kindle MatchBook
- Advertising for KDP eBooks
- Managing the Availability of Your Book
- Linking from Your Website
- Linking Kindle and Print Editions
- Amazon Programs
- Customer Reviews
- Publishing Illustrated Books
- Update Your Published Book
Sales, Royalties, Payments, and Taxes
- Royalty Options
- Sales Ranking
- Sales, Royalties, and Payments Reports
- Getting Paid
- Buy Box Eligibility for Third-Party Sellers
- Tax Account Status
- Tax ID Validation
- Tax Interview
- Tax Information Requirements
- Tax Withholding for U.S. Publishers
- Tax Withholding for Non-U.S. Publishers
- Applying for a U.S. TIN (Taxpayer ID Number)
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Royalties in Kindle Unlimited and Kindle Owners' Lending Library
It may take months for customers to read pages in your book, but no matter how long it takes, we'll still pay you once it happens. This is true even if your KDP Select enrollment period has expired, and you choose not to re-enroll.
We released KENPC v2.0 to improve the way we measure the length of each book. KENPC v2.0 makes a number of improvements to how we standardize font, line height, and spacing used to normalize the length of each book relative to one another. This change will impact the KENPC of some titles while others will remain unchanged. The average KENPC will change less than 5%, although individual books’ changes may be larger or smaller. The new KENPC approach will be applied uniformly to all KDP Select books and all versions of those books. Regardless of which version a customer may be reading, all future royalties will be paid using KENPC v2.0. If a customer previously borrowed your book and is still reading it, any new pages read will be based on KENPC v2.0.
KENPC v2.0 also introduces a change to how we handle extremely long books like dictionaries and long reference books. Under KENPC v2.0, authors will be able to earn a maximum of 3,000 Kindle Edition Normalized Pages (KENPs) read per title per customer. While this change impacts a fraction of a percent of KDP Select books, we believe it will result in a more equitable distribution of the KDP Select Global Fund. Each time your book is borrowed and read, you will receive credit for up to 3,000 pages.
Your book's KENPC
You can see your book's KENPC v2.0 listed on the "Promote and Advertise" page in your Bookshelf, and you can also see total pages read on your Sales Dashboard report. Because it's based on default settings, KENPC v2.0 may vary from page counts listed on your Amazon detail page, which are derived from other sources.
KDP Select Global Fund
Our total payout from the KDP Select Global Fund will be unaffected by the transition to KENPC v2.0, and the amount you earn from the global fund will continue to be determined based on your share of total pages read by Kindle Unlimited (KU) and Kindle Owners' Lending Library (KOLL) customers. The new KENPC version will be applied uniformly to all KDP Select books and used to measure all pages read.
- Author with a 100 page book that was borrowed and read completely 100 times would earn $1,000 ($10 million multiplied by 10,000 pages for this author divided by 100,000,000 total pages).
- Author of a 200 page book that was borrowed and read completely 100 times would earn $2,000 ($10 million multiplied by 20,000 pages for this author divided by 100,000,000 total pages).
- Author of a 200 page book that was borrowed 100 times but only read halfway through on average would earn $1,000 ($10 million multiplied by 10,000 pages for this author divided by 100,000,000 total pages).
We do not permit authors to offer, or participate in marketing that incentivizes Kindle Unlimited or Kindle Owners' Lending Library customers to read their books in exchange for compensation of any kind. This includes payment (whether in the form of money or gift certificates), bonus content, entry to a contest or sweepstakes, discounts on future purchases, extra product, or other gifts.
Because we're always looking to improve our authors' experience, we have systems in place to monitor for potential manipulation.
Month-To-Date Unit Sales Report: The number of pages Kindle Unlimited or KOLL customers read of your books, under the "Kindle Edition Normalized Pages (KENP) Read" column.
Prior Months' Royalties Report: For every title, there are five possible transaction types:
- 35% Amount a title earned under the 35% royalty option
- 70% Amount a title earned under the 70% royalty option
- KDP Select Units Amount every KDP Select-enrolled title earned monthly through Kindle Unlimited (KU) and the Kindle Owners' Lending Library (KOLL).
If a customer reads pages in your book for the first time through KU or KOLL, you will see a separate line item indicating the accumulated number of pages read under the column "Kindle Edition Normalized Pages (KENP) Read," and the royalty earned through KU and KOLL under the "Royalty" column.
- Free - Promotion Free downloads due to Free promotion campaign(s) through KDP Select.
- Free - Price Match Free downloads due to competitor free price match.
Note: You may see Kindle Edition Normalized Pages (KENP) read in your reports after you unenrolled your book from KDP Select. The KENP read includes pages read by customers who downloaded your book before the date you unenrolled it.